VII Inflection

VII verbs are those classified as inanimate intransitive, meaning that they don't take a direct object, and have inanimate subjects. VII verbs form subgroups on the basis of the final sound of their basic stem, whether a vowel, a nasal consonant (n), or /d/.

Click on a link below to go to associated paradigms.

  · Vowel Final VII Verbs
  · N-Final VII Verbs
  · D-Final VII Verbs
  · Initial Change

  · Home

  • Stems That Have Dummy /n/. There are several VII verbs which have a final /n/ in the independent order positive, but lack it elsewhere, e.g., zoogipon, 'snow,' dagwaagin, 'be autumn,' onaagoshin, 'be evening,' and many verbs in /-aagami/, e.g., dakaagamin, 'be cold (of a liquid) and wiinaagamin 'be dirty (of a liquid).' So, for example the conjunct forms of these verbs are zoogipog, dagwaagig, onaagoshig, dakaagamig and wiinaagamig. These verbs must be distinguished from verbs such as bangisin, 'fall,' which have a "true" final /n/ that is never deleted, e.g., the conjunct of bangisin is bangising.

  • VII Verbs Have Only Third Person Forms. VII verbs have only third person forms, not first or second. Because they lack second person forms, they also do not have any imperatives (commands), because imperatives always have second person subjects (or first person plural inclusive, which includes a second person).